Criminal Law

Drug Trade/Possession

Production, possession or sale of drugs is punishable in India and many other countries. This article discusses the various punitive measures that India and various other countries have adopted to put an end to drug menace. The article aims to clarify the meaning of drug possession and trace the evolution of its interpretation in the current form. A significant part of the article is dedicated to discuss the provisions in India, its preconditions and its interpretation through case laws.

Drug possession is the crime of having one or more illegal drugs in one’s possession, either for personal use, distribution, sale or otherwise. In India, Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 deals with possession of drugs and its punitive measures.

Drug Law Enforcement Agencies In India!

Following are the primary drug enforcement agencies in India:

  • The Narcotics Control Division
  • The Central Bureau of Narcotics (CBN)
  • The Narcotic Control Bureau (NCB )
  • Other Agencies like the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, Central Bureau of Investigation, Customs Commission, Border Security Force.

Legislative Policies In India In Drug Related Matters!

The legislative policies over drug related matters are broad and many and are thus covered within the following three Central Acts:

  • The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985.
  • Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988.
  • Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.

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