Criminal Law

SECTION 307 IPC - Attempt to Murder

According to section 307 of Indian penal code, Whoever does any act with such intention or knowledge, and under such circumstances that, if he by that act caused death, he would be guilty of murder, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine;

The offence of attempt to murder is considered almost as serious as committing murder, however, the only dissimilarity that exists between the two is the fact that murder takes place where the act of the accused has caused the death of the victim, whereas, attempt to murder is a failed attempt to cause the death of the victim.

“Attempt” in Indian Penal Code.

Section 511 of the IPC is a specific section which states the punishments for an “attempt” to commit an offence (as per the Indian Penal Code). If an act is a crime under the Indian Penal code, an attempt to do that criminal act is also a crime and punishable under Section 511 of the Indian Penal Code.

Scope of Section 307

Section 307 deals with the offence of attempt to murder. This Section is applied when an action is taken by an individual, that would, in its ordinary course, cause the death of another individual, but for some reason or the other, did not cause death.

Nature of Offence under Section 307 of the IPC

  • Cognizable: Offences are divided into cognizable and non-cognizable. By law, the police are duty bound to register and investigate a cognizable offence.
  • Non-Bailable: This means that in a complaint filed under Section 307, the magistrate has the power to refuse bail and remand a person to judicial or police custody.
  • Non-Compoundable: A non-compoundable case cannot be withdrawn by the petitioner at his/her will.


Offence and its Punishment

  • Attempt to Murder - 10 years + Fine
  • If such an act caused Hurt to that person - Imprisonment for Life or 10 Years + Fine
  • Attempt to Murder by life-convict to murder, if hurt is caused - Death or 10 Years + Fine


“Attempt” in Indian Penal Code.

Section 511 of the IPC is a specific section which states the punishments for an “attempt” to commit an offence (as per the Indian Penal Code). If an act is a crime under the Indian Penal code, an attempt to do that criminal act is also a crime and punishable under Section 511 of the Indian Penal Code.

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