Criminal Law

Corruption And Police Misconduct

The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 has been enacted to deal with prevention of corruption and for matters connected therewith. The primary anti corruption legislation in India is Prevention of Corruption Act 1988, individuals & companies both are liable to be punished for an offence under the act.

Corruption is one of the obstacles that affect the economy of the country. There have been studies to show the corruption and exploitation level in the country and thus has witnessed that more than half percentage of the people have been at the position where they either support the practice of bribing the public officer or take the bribe themselves for a particular task.

What is Police Misconduct?

Police misconduct refers to illegal, unethical, or inappropriate actions by police officers on duty. It also includes violations of individuals’ constitutional rights. The various types of misconduct include:
  • Coercing an Individual in Custody to make a false confession
  • Intimidating an Individual in Custody
  • False Arrest
  • False Imprisonment
  • Falsification of Evidence
  • Tampering or Spoliation of Evidence
  • Police Perjury
  • Police Corruption
  • Racial Profiling
  • Unwarranted surveillance, searches, and seizure of property
  • Police Brutality
  • Sexual Misconduct
  • Custodial Death

Laws Related to Corruption in India?

Various acts and provisions have been enacted to prevent corruption in the country. These acts include certain sections under the Indian Penal Code, 1860, Prosecution section of Income Tax Act, 1961, The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988, or the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002. These sections also prescribe the punishment to the offender.

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